|Ultralong spin relaxation time of donor bound electrons in n-doped CdTe measured by spin noise spectroscopy |
(Affiches/Poster) Fifty years of optical orientation in semiconductors (Paris, FR), 2018-06-18
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In the recent years the spectroscopy of spin noise has won its spurs for spin dynamics related studies in semiconductors, largely because it exhibits several quite attractive features. Noticeably it enables almost perturbation-free detection of spontaneous electron spin fluctuations. In addition as the amplitude of spin noise grows when the size of the probed region is reduced, it is well adapted for spatially resolved studies. Also the spin noise spectrum is quite sensitive to internal effective fields, which allows to probe locally the existence of nuclear fields. Finally, the combination of spin noise spectroscopy and optical heterodyning has been demonstrated, which permits enhanced sensitivity and broadband detection, while keeping a high spectral resolution .In this poster we will present results obtained by heterodyne detection of spin noise in an n-doped CdTe epilayer with donor density n∼3×〖10〗^17cm-3. Thanks to the enhanced sensitivity gained by heterodyne detection we could detect the spin noise of electrons bound to neutral donors for probe powers as low as 5 µW. In these conditions we observe an extremely slow hopping rate W0 of electron spin between neighbouring donors, and extremely slow electron spin relaxation rate s (see Figure 1). The observed noise spectrum at zero field is characteristic of electron spin precession in the frozen nuclear field acting on the electrons bound to the donors and exhibits two components. A central lorentzian line corresponding to the electron spin component along the nuclear field, and two satellites gaussian lines corresponding to the spin precession in the nuclear field. We analyze our results in the framework of a theoretical model, which takes into account both the electron spin precession, and the hopping between donors, but slightly modified to take into account an eventual non-zero nuclear spin polarization . In agreement with the theory we can see that the satellites merge with the central line as the hopping rate increases (at the highest probe power). Surprisingly W0 and s become quite small at the lowest probe power. We find that the electron spin relaxation time becomes longer than 1 µs in this regime.