|Absorption of atomic and molecular species in carbon cellular structures (Review Article) |
Auteur(s): Krainyukova N, Kuchta B., Firlej L., Pfeifer P
Ref HAL: hal-02512005_v1
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The paper presents a brief review of the recent developments in the field of absorption of atomic and molecular species in carbon cellular structures. Such absorbing objects can be distinctly recognized among a large family of carbon porous materials owing to potential and already observed in experiments very high capacity to soak and to keep inside different substances, which at usual conditions outside the porous matrices may often stay only in a gaseous form. High capacity filling is attained owing to single graphene-like walls separating different cells in the whole structures providing their lightweight. This property of cellular structures makes them very promising for numerous technological applications such as hydrogen storage in fuel cells and molecular sieving in membranes made from such structures or for their usage in microelectronics, photovoltaics and production of Li-ion batteries. Independently of the targeted applications gases are good candidates for probing tests of carbon matrices themselves.