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- Electric and antiferromagnetic chiral textures at multiferroic domain walls hal link

Auteur(s): Chauleau J. -y., Chirac T., Fusil S., Garcia V., Akhtar W., Tranchida J., Thibaudeau P., Gross I., Blouzon C., Finco A., Bibes M., Dkhil B., Khalyavin D. d., Manuel P., Jacques V., Jaouen N., Viret M.

(Article) Publié: Nature Materials, vol. 19 p.386-390 (2020)
Texte intégral en Openaccess : openaccess


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Résumé:

Chirality, a foundational concept throughout science, may arise at ferromagnetic domain walls1 and in related objects such as skyrmions2. However, chiral textures should also exist in other types of ferroic materials, such as antiferromagnets, for which theory predicts that they should move faster for lower power3, and ferroelectrics, where they should be extremely small and possess unusual topologies4,5. Here, we report the concomitant observation of antiferromagnetic and electric chiral textures at domain walls in the room-temperature ferroelectric antiferromagnet BiFeO3. Combining reciprocal and real-space characterization techniques, we reveal the presence of periodic chiral antiferromagnetic objects along the domain walls as well as a priori energetically unfavourable chiral ferroelectric domain walls. We discuss the mechanisms underlying their formation and their relevance for electrically controlled topological oxide electronics and spintronics.