|Sunflower Proteins at Air-Water and Oil-Water Interfaces |
(Article) Publié: Langmuir, vol. 37 p.2714-2727 (2021)
The adsorption of a sunflower protein extract at two air−water and oil−water interfaces is investigated using tensiometry, dilational viscoelasticity, and ellipsometry. For both interfaces, a three step mechanism was evidenced thanks to master curve representations of the data taken at different aging times and protein concentrations. At short times, a diffusion limited adsorption of proteins at interfaces is demonstrated. First, a two-dimensional protein film is formed with a partition of the polypeptide chains in the two phases that depends strongly on the nature of the hydrophobic phase: most of the film is in the aqueous phase at the air−water interface, while it is mostly in the organic phase at the oil−water interface. Then a three-dimensional saturated monolayer of proteins is formed. At short times, adsorption mechanisms are analogous to those found with typical globular proteins, while strong divergences are observed at longer adsorption times. Following the saturation step, a thick layer expands in the aqueous phase and appears associated with the release of large objects in the bulk. The kinetic evolution of this second layer is compatible with a diffusion limited adsorption of the minor population of polymeric complexes with hydrodynamic radius RH ∼ 80 nm,evidenced in equilibrium with hexameric globulins (RH ∼ 6 nm) in solution. These complexes could result from the presence of residual polyphenols in the extract and raise the question of the role of these compounds in the interfacial properties of plant protein extracts.