- Dense Phases of γ-Gliadins in Confined Geometries doi link

Auteur(s): Banc A., Navailles Laurence, Leng Jacques, Renard Denis

(Article) Publié: Colloids And Interfaces, vol. 5 p.51 (2021)
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DOI: 10.3390/colloids5040051
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The binary phase diagram of γ-gliadin, a wheat storage protein, in water was explored thanks to the microevaporator, an original PDMS microfluidic device. This protein, usually qualified as insoluble in aqueous environments, displayed a partial solubility in water. Two liquid phases, a very dilute and a dense phase, were identified after a few hours of accumulation time in the microevaporator. This liquid–liquid phase separation (LLPS) was further characterized through in situ micro-Raman spectroscopy of the dilute and dense protein phases. Micro-Raman spectroscopy showed a specific orientation of phenylalanine residues perpendicular to the PDMS surfaces only for the diluted phase. This orientation was ascribed to the protein adsorption at interfaces, which would act as nuclei for the growth of dense phase in bulk. This study, thanks to the use of both aqueous solvent and a microevaporator, would provide some evidence for a possible physicochemical origin of the gliadin assembly in the endoplasmic reticulum of albumen cells, leading to the formation of dense phases called protein bodies. The microfluidic tool could be used also in food science to probe protein–protein interactions in order to build up phase diagrams