- Soft Matter Roadmap doi link

Auteur(s): Barrat Jean-Louis, del Gado Emanuela, Egelhaaf Stefan, Mao Xiaoming, Dijkstra Marjolein, Pine David, Kumar Sanat, Bishop Kyle, Gang Oleg, Obermeyer Allie, Papadakis Christine, Tsitsilianis Costantinos, Smalyukh Ivan, Hourlier-Fargette Aurelie, Andrieux Sebastien, Drenckhan Wiebke, Wagner Norman, Murphy Ryan, Weeks Eric, Cerbino Roberto, Han Yilong, Cipelletti L., Ramos L., Poon Wilson, Richards James, Cohen Itai, Furst Eric, Nelson Alshakim, Craig Stephen, Ganapathy Rajesh

(Article) Publié: Journal Of Physics Materials, vol. p. (2023)
Texte intégral en Openaccess : openaccess

Ref HAL: hal-04260533_v1
DOI: 10.1088/2515-7639/ad06cc
Exporter : BibTex | endNote

Soft materials are usually defined as materials made of mesoscopic entities, often self-organized, sensitive to thermal fluctuations and to weak perturbations. Archetypal examples are colloids, polymers, amphiphiles, liquid crystals, foams. The importance of soft materials in everyday commodity products, as well as in technological applications, is enormous, and controlling or improving their properties is the focus of many efforts. From a fundamental perspective, the possibility of manipulating soft material properties, by tuning interactions between constituents and by applying external perturbations, gives rise to an almost unlimited variety in physical properties. Together with the relative ease to observe and characterize them, this renders soft matter systems powerful model systems to investigate statistical physics phenomena, many of them relevant as well to hard condensed matter systems. Understanding the emerging properties from mesoscale constituents still poses enormous challenges, which have stimulated a wealth of new experimental approaches, including the synthesis of new systems with, e.g., tailored self-assembling properties, or novel experimental techniques in imaging, scattering or rheology. Theoretical and numerical methods, and coarse-grained models, have become central to predict physical properties of soft materials, while computational approaches that also use machine learning tools are playing a progressively major role in many investigations. This roadmap paper intends to give a broad overview of recent and possible future activities in the field of soft materials, with experts covering various developments and challenges in material synthesis and characterization, instrumental, simulation and theoretical methods as well as general concepts.