|Trapping dynamics of indirect excitons into electrostatic traps in GaN quantum wells. |
Conférence invité: TERAMETANANO-3: Terahertz Emission, Metamaterials and Nanophotonics. (Uxmal, MX, 2018-03-25)
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Excitons in nitride quantum wells (QWs) are naturally indirect due to the strong internal electric field: electron and hole within such excitons are spatially separated, leading to strong dipole moments and long radiative lifetimes. The physics of indirect excitons (IXs) has been extensively studied in GaAs-based heterostructures: they can propagate over large distances, be trapped in gate-controlled electrostatic traps, and form a cold and dense gas of interacting bosons. Compared to traditional IXs in arsenide heterostructures, IXs in GaN QWs have much larger binding energies and smaller Bohr radii. This allows exploring IX propagation up to room temperature, and over a much larger density range. The length scale of the excitonic transport is an important figure of merit of the indirect excitons. The excitonic transport was first observed at low temperature in the case of hetero-epitaxy of the GaN QWs on sapphire substrates . The improvement of the sample quality through homo-epitaxy on GaN substrates allowed observing an efficient transport up to room temperature . Under a focused non-resonant excitation of the quantum well, we observe a spatial decay of the exciton density (deduced from the local blue shift of the QW transition), with a length scale of 100µm at 10K and 30µm at T=300K in our most recent homo-epitaxial samples. Such long propagation distances are a pre-requisite to the development of IX-based optoelectronic devices operating on a large temperature range, and to the exploration of exciton collective states. The realization of an excitonic trap is a first step forward, and we recently investigated the exciton transport in electrostatic traps formed when a semi-transparent gate is deposited on top of the QW sample. Trapping of the excitons is observed, with a typical trap depth of 60-90 meV. The excitons can also be generated outside the trap and relax into the trap, so to spatially separate the trap from the generation spot, which is expected to be a source of heat and decoherence for the excitonic cloud. These results are promising for the investigation of trapped collective states of IXs, and their cooling into exotic phases.