- Orbital selective switching of ferromagnetism in an oxide quasi two-dimensional electron gas arxiv link

Auteur(s): Di Capua R., Verma M., Radovic M., Strocov V. N., Piamonteze C., Guedes E. B., Plumb N., Chen Yu, D'Antuono M., De Luca G. M., Di Gennaro E., Stornaiuolo D., Preziosi D., Jouault B., Granozio F. miletto, Sambri A., Pentcheva R., Ghiringhelli G., Salluzzo M.

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Multi-orbital physics in quasi-two-dimensional electron gases (q2DEGs) triggers unique phenomena not observed in bulk materials, such as unconventional superconductivity and magnetism. Here, we investigate the mechanism of orbital selective switching of the spin-polarization in the oxide q2DEG formed at the (001) interface between the LaAlO$_{3}$, EuTiO$_{3}$ and SrTiO$_{3}$ band insulators. By using density functional theory calculations, transport, magnetic and x-ray spectroscopy measurements, we find that the filling of titanium-bands with 3d$_{xz,yz}$ orbital character in the EuTiO3 layer and at the interface with SrTiO$_{3}$ induces an antiferromagnetic to ferromagnetic switching of the exchange interaction between Eu-4f$^{7}$ magnetic moments. The results explain the observation of the carrier density dependent ferromagnetic correlations and anomalous Hall effect in this q2DEG, and demonstrate how combined theoretical and experimental approaches can lead to a deeper understanding of novel electronic phases and serve as a guide for the materials design for advanced electronic applications.